Java

 

Start Omhoog Bali Java Selamatan

Het Eiland Java

The surface of the island of Java is about 132000 km2, its population is 112 million inhabitants (205 million for Indonesia). With 1000 km length and 180 km width, the island is dissymmetrical: the hydrographic network is directed towards north; the line of volcanos is placed at the south; the Western part makes up of alluvial plains surrounded by volcanos; the central part is the historical heart of the island. If the majority of the religious edifices are evocation of Buddhism, Hindouisme or some thoughts animists, the mosques, are the testimony of the belief of 100 million Moslems.

Java

The Mount Merbatu (3142 m). The Javanese country appears like an uninterrupted succession of rice plantations made iridescent at the foot of conical volcanos. The coconuts often indicate the presence of village with houses surrounded by banana trees, fruit trees and dry plantations (tobacco, betel).

Java

Surakarta

Surakarta or Solo (550000 inhabitants) draws its name from the longest river of Java, which passes in this city. It was the capital of the kingdom of Mataram from 1745 to 1755. Very many Becak (rickshaws decorated with naive scenes) croos the city.

Surakarta

Kedu

Landscape of the plain of the Kedu near Borobudur. The hot and wet climate involves the formation of a fertile ground and an exuberant and varied flora. One meets especially the bamboo, the coconut, the liana of betel, the palm tree borassus cultivated for his sugar, and the teak whose hard wood is used for manufacture of the boats and the columns of Javaneses houses.

Kedu

Borobudur

With Angkor (Kampuchea), Pagan (Burma), Ayuthia (Sri Lanka) Borobudur is a high place of Buddhism of Southeast Asia, but also one of most beautiful accounts of the universal culture. it was set up around year 800, by the sovereigns of the dynasty of the Cailendra. Borobudur is an immense stone monument, of 123 side m and high 42 m, at the same time in the shape of Stupa, of Mandala and of Temple Mountain. It is before all a splendid " stone rosary " evoking by pictures the life of the Sakyamuni Buddha.


Borobudur

Borobudur

Abandoned in 950 and dismantled by a chaos of lianas and tangled up roots, Borobudur was rediscovered in 1814 by Sir Thomas raffles which then made clear the monument and join together the scattered parts around the site. In 1968, faced with the extent of deterioration, the Indonesian government called upon UNESCO which decided to save Borobudur in 1973. It was then necessary to dismount three million stones, 1460 low-reliefs sculpted on 4km of walls, 173 stupas and 504 statues of bouddhic divinities. The work carried out by a hundred of people, was completed in 1985.

Borobudur

Borobudur

The structure of the temple of Borobudur is symbolic: Cosmos includes in the Buddhism Mahayana, three parts that we find materialized by three stages:
Kamadhatu (world of passions where the man is still chained by his desires), corresponding to the foundations of the edifice.
Rupadhatu (world of the forms and appearances, world of the illusions), corresponding to the square terraces where each stone is the object of a pattern.
With the Arupadhatu, it is the world of the not-form where the man reaches vacuity, that is the original state of the universe and the being symbolized by an empty stupa at the top.


Borobudur

Borobudur

On the level of the Rapadhatu (square terraces), on the principal wall of the first terrace, two series of historied reliefs superimposed of 120 panels are thus represented. The higher part tells the life of the historical Buddha, at the lower part the Jakata and Avadana appear (marvellous tales).


Borobudur

Red peppers

Spices merchant in Yogjakarta. Indonesia also produces cloves, vanilla, pepper, nutmeg, coffee, tobacco, rubber, copra, palm oil and rice.


Red peppers

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is located right in heart of Java. Populated of 600 000 inhabitants (of which 90% are Moslem), it is one of the old capitals with Surakarta, of the Indo-Javanese kingdom Mataram. Yogyakarta is a university city and the seat of the Institute (created in 1921) in charge of the study of the Javanese culture.


Yogjakarta

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is located right in heart of Java. Populated of 600 000 inhabitants (of which 90% are Moslem), it is one of the old capitals with Surakarta, of the Indo-Javanese kingdom Mataram. Yogyakarta is a university city and the seat of the Institute (created in 1921) in charge of the study of the Javanese culture.


Yogjakarta

Prambanan

Lara Jonggrang is the name of a princess proposed in marriage by a giant. By way of proof of love, she asks to its suitor to raise in one night, a temple decorated with thousand statues. At daybreak, work is almost completed, but wanting the failure of the giant, it awakes all the cocks of the area to announce the sunrise in advance, whereas there remains only one statue to be finished. Absolutely furious in front of the perfidy of the princess, the giant petrifies her on the place, thus transforming her into statue, the last. It is that of the Durga goddess that rises in the northern room of the main temple, and which is always the object of veneration.


Prambanan

Indonesian

Indonesian - Rice harvest. Indonesia is now exporter of rice, after having been the largest importer in the world. The culture of rice accounts for 45% of the arable lands.


Indonesian

Gamelan player

The music of Java is based on the use of sets of metallophons called gamelan. One also finds there blades suspended by the ties above tubes of resonance in bamboo called gender; the gender accompanies the voice by the singers. A blade xylophone of wood or bamboo paraphrases the melody. The Javansese musicians sing and play mainly from memory.


Gamelan player

Sukuh

The Sukuh temple is fascinating not only because of its stone sculptures which represent characters of the Wayang but also because it presents the only example of erotic temple in Java which either built in the shape of pyramid in several levels like the old Maya pyramids of Latin America.


Sukuh

Indonesians

Indonesians, near Sukuh. Indonesians are tolerant and respectful others, much do not hide their sadness in front of the exactions made by some of them, during interethnic or religious confrontations. The family links, the Community life, remain powerful and structured.


Indonesians

Sukuh

This Hindu temple of the 14th century located on the western slope of the extinct volcano Lawu, at 35km in the East of Solo. It is a sanctuary whose sexual imagery still causes the ritual of fertility.


Sukuh

Market

A market in Yogyakarta. The city is also known for its spectacles of wayang bulit and its workshops of craft industry (batik, silverware, pottery...).


Market

Birds market

The birds market of Yogyakarta. The market receaves all kinds of curiosities. Behind the colored wood cages where the gamecocks snort, snakes, monkeys, vampires bats and other ants complete an exotic bestiary often a little insalubrious for the Western eyes.


Birds market

Schoolgirls

Schoolgirls in Yogyakarta. The education system was degraded the latter years in Indonesia. A growing number of poor families do not have any more the possibility of sending their more young children to the school and are obliged to withdraw the more old children from the school so that they help them to survive.


School girls

Taman Sari

Taman Sari consists of three old basins in the open air, surrounded by a wall enclosing and is dominated by a kind of house on two floors. At one time, the sultan came to bathe there in company of his Court. One of the basins was reserved to his legitimate wife and to her children. The concubines had a right to another basin.


Taman Sari

Borobudur

Each level of the sanctuary illustrating one of the stages of the human life, the pilgrim was to traverse them in the direction of the hands of a watch, while starting with the staircases on the east side, to immerse themselves in lesson of bouddhic philosophy and to reach Wisdom.


Borobudur

Start ] Aziatisch koken ] Complete rijsttafel ] Cursussen ] Nieuwe cursus ] Aanmelden ] Groepsreizen ] Fotoalbum ] Recepten ]